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How To Cite A Source In An Essay

It is based on the writing you’re doing, how you’re using the material you borrowed and the expectations set by your instructor.

The first step is to contemplate how you intend to establish your sources. If the sources you cite are relevant to your concepts, including the source and mentioning it in a paragraph that begins the source is essential. If you’re using the source for an unimportant point, consider footnotes pa, parenthetical references, or even endnotes.

There are various forms of citations for different fields. For example, if you refer to sources in the field of psychology, you will likely use a different citation style than when writing a piece to be used in the English course.

In the end, it is recommended to seek advice from your professor to decide what type of citation is appropriate for the paper you are writing. It is possible to save lots of time and effort by asking, “How can I reference my sources?” or “What kind of style is appropriate?” Before you start creating.

The following sections will walk you through step-by-step guidelines to cite sources.


A proper citation to sources involves two steps. First, you must cite every source within the body of your essay. Citations within your essay are known as in-text references. Cite all quotes as paraphrased, summarized, or rewritten concepts, words, or details from the sources. With text citations, you can avoid being accused of plagiarism even if you’ve listed the sources you used after your essay.

The in-text citations direct the user to the source’s information on the reference page. In-text citations typically include the last name of the author as well as the year that they published. Direct quotes and page numbers are also included if you are using them.

Locating the Sources in the body of your paper

If you are the first to reference sources, it’s generally advisable to identify the author(s) and title and the genre (book ar, title, book, website and so on.). If the source is essential to the work you are writing about, then you should present it in a sentence or two that summarizes its significance and critical ideas. However, often, it is enough to add this information to the end or beginning of a phrase. Example: the following sentence provides information regarding the writer and his work before the quote:

Milan Kundera, in his book The Art of the Novel in his book The Art of the Novel, claims that “if the story should truly disappear and disappear, it will not simply because it has exhausted its capabilities, but rather because it is an environment that is far from it.”

It is also possible to identify the author(s) If they’re not well-known or if you believe the reader is unneeded to be made of the person. The authors should be recognized as economists, artists and physicists. If you cannot find much about the person who wrote it or their work and cannot see details, you should state where you came across the source and what made you believe it’s reliable and worthy of citation. In this case,

In his essay, presented at the Asian Studies conference at Duke University, Sheldon Geron explores the connection between states, unions, and small businesses in Japan from 1950 to 1980.

If you’ve introduced the author and the source you’re using in your article and are using the same source and author, it is probably okay to do so again. Suppose you’ve referenced other sources only to return to the source you previously cited. In that case, it is an excellent suggestion to mention the author’s name (and the source if you’ve noted it several times by this author) to prevent confusion.

Citation Rules

Direct Quotation of the Author In the Text.

Heinze, as well as Lu (2017), declared, “The NFL shifted its response to changes in the institution regarding concussions in a significant way in the course of development for the field” (p. 509).

Note that the publication date is noted in brackets after the authors’ names, and the page number is included in parentheses near the close of the quote.

Direct Quotation, without Name of the Author in the Text

In the years that the NFL evolved as an organization and grew, it “shifted its response to changes in the institution regarding concussions in a significant way” (Heinze and Lu 2017, p. 509).

Note: Near the conclusion of the quotation, the authors’ names, their year of publication and page numbers are included in brackets.

Paraphrase with 1 Author

When the NFL evolved as a company, the way it dealt with concussions also changed (Heinze & Lu, 2017).

Be aware that for paraphrases, pages are recommended; however, they are unnecessary.

Paraphrases with more than 3 Authors

In the process of resolving the problem of violence within prisons, we must first identify the factors that could be connected to prisoner violence (Thomson and Co. 20,19).

Direct Quotation, without Author

The results were shocking “in an upcoming study on the relationship between adult children and parents” (“Parents and their Children”, 2007 p. 2.).

Note: Because the source of the text isn’t specified, a shorter form of the text can be employed instead.

Secondary Sources

In the case of secondary sources, make use of the phrase “as as cited in” and reference the source of the second on the page for references.

In 1936, Keynes declared that “governments need to run deficits when the economy is stagnant to avoid unemployment” (as mentioned in Richardson 2008, p. 257).

Long (Block) Quotes

Direct quotations from at least 40 words make indentation five spaces in the left margin, without quotation marks. The closing period should be placed before the parenthetical citation.

At Meramec, the Meramec English department policy reads:

To protect and honour the work of their own and their peers, students must credit exclusive sources used to complete their coursework. The assumption is that information not recorded is generally known in that area or is the student’s research. (St. Missouri Community College, 2001 Page. 1.)

Website Citations

You must include your name when citing a particular web document without the page number. This person wrote it, the date and date of publication, as well as the title, page number, paragraph, and page number within parentheses:

According to America, “Two out of five deaths in U.S. teens are the consequence of a collision in a motor vehicle” (National Centre for Injury Prevention and Control Overview section Para. 1).

Sample Essay

An example APA essay can be found on this page.

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